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美国网络安全办公室及其运作

2014-06-16 14:24:22 编辑 删除

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美国网络安全办公室及其运作

Cyber Securi

President Obama has declared that the “cyber threat is one of the most serious economic and national security challenges we face as a nation” and that “America's economic prosperity in the 21st century will depend on cybersecurity.” As a result, the President directed a top-to-bottom review of the Federal Government's efforts to defend our information and communications infrastructure, which resulted in a report titled the Cyberspace Policy Review.奥巴马总统已经宣布,网络威胁是我们面临的一个国家最严重的经济和国家安全挑战之一,而且美国的经济繁荣在21世纪将依赖于网络安全。因此,总统指示一个从高端到低端的联邦政府的努力来捍卫我们的信息和通信基础设施,这就造成了标题为网络空间政策检讨报告检讨。To implement the results of this review, the President has appointed Howard Schmidt to serve at the US Cybersecurity Coordinator and created the Cybersecurity Office within the National Security Staff, which works closely with the Federal Chief Information Officer Steven VanRoekel, the Federal Chief Technology Officer Todd Park, and the National Economic Council.为了实现这个检讨的结果,总统已任命霍华德·施密特担任在美国网络安全协调员和国家安全工作人员,这与联邦首席信息官史蒂芬VanRoekel,联邦首席技术执行官托德紧密合作中建立了网络安全办公室公园和国家经济委员会。

President Obama has declared that the “cyber threat is one of the most serious economic and national security challenges we face as a nation” and that “America's economic prosperity in the 21st century will depend on cybersecurity.”奥巴马总统已经宣布,网络威胁是我们面临的一个国家最严重的经济和国家安全挑战之一,而且美国的经济繁荣在21世纪将依赖于网络安全。

As a result, the President directed a top-to-bottom review of the Federal Government's efforts to defend our information and communications infrastructure, which resulted in a report titled the Cyberspace Policy Review .因此,总统指示联邦政府的努力来捍卫我们的信息和通信基础设施,这就造成了题为的报告从高端到低端审查网络空间政策回顾To implement the results of this review, the President has appointed Howard Schmidt to serve at the US Cybersecurity Coordinator and created the Cybersecurity Office within the National Security Staff, which works closely with the Federal Chief Information Officer Steven VanRoekel为了实现这个检讨的结果,总统已任命霍华德·施密特担任在美国网络安全协调员和国家安全工作人员,这与联邦首席信息官史蒂芬VanRoekel紧密合作中建立了网络安全办公室 , the Federal Chief Technology Officer Todd Park, and the National Economic Council ,联邦首席技术执行官托德公园 国家经济委员会

Why This is Important为什么这一点很重要

Cyberspace touches nearly every part of our daily lives.网络空间几乎触及每一个部分我们的日常生活中。It's the broadband networks beneath us and the wireless signals around us, the local networks in our schools and hospitals and businesses, and the massive grids that power our nation.这是宽带网络下的我们,我们周围的无线信号,在我们的学校和医院和企业,以及大规模电网提供动力的国家的本地网。It's the classified military and intelligence networks that keep us safe, and the World Wide Web that has made us more interconnected than at any time in human history.这是机密军事和情报网络,保证我们的安全,和万维网这使得我们比人类历史上任何时候更加相互关联。We must secure our cyberspace to ensure that we can continue to grow the nation's economy and protect our way of life.我们必须保护我们的网络空间,以确保我们能够继续发展国家经济,保护我们的生活方式。


What We Must Do我们必须做什么

Our Nation's cybersecurity strategy is twofold: (1) improve our resilience to cyber incidents and (2) reduce the cyber threat.我们国家的网络安全策略是双重的:(1)提高我们抵御网络事件2)降低网络威胁。

Improving our cyber resilience includes: hardening our digital infrastructure to be more resistant to penetration and disruption;改善我们的网络适应能力包括:强化我们的数字基础设施,是渗透和破坏更耐;improving our ability to defend against sophisticated and agile cyber threats;提高我们对复杂和灵活的网络威胁防御能力;and recovering quickly from cyber incidents—whether caused by malicious activity, accident, or natural disaster.并从网络事件 - 无论是由于恶意行为,事故或自然灾害快速恢复。

Where possible, we must also reduce cyber threats.
如果可能的话,我们也必须降低网络威胁。We seek to reduce threats by working with allies on international norms of acceptable behavior in cyberspace, strengthening law enforcement capabilities against cybercrime, and deterring potential adversaries from taking advantage of our remaining vulnerabilities.我们寻求通过在网络空间上的可接受行为的国际准则的盟友合作,加强打击网络犯罪的执法能力,并采取我们余下的漏洞利用威慑潜在对手,减少威胁。

Underlying all of these efforts is the need to acquire the best possible information about the state of our networks and the capabilities and intentions of our cyber adversaries.
相关所有这些努力是需要获得有关我们的网络的状态最好的信息和我们的网络对手的能力和意图。We must also make critical cybersecurity information available to and usable by everyone who needs it, including network operators and defenders, law enforcement and intelligence agencies, and emergency management officials in the Federal, State, local, and tribal governments, private industry, and allied governments.我们还必须让关键的网络安全信息,并通过大家谁需要它,包括网络运营商和维护者,执法和情报机构和紧急情况管理官员在联邦,州,地方和部落政府,私营行业使用,和专职政府。

As we take all these actions to secure our networks, we will do so in a manner that preserves and enhances our personal privacy and enables the exercise of our civil liberties and fundamental freedoms.
由于我们采取所有这些行动,以确保我们的网络,我们将在保持和提高我们的个人隐私,并允许行使我们的公民自由和基本自由的方式这样做。In the 21st Century, our digital networks are essential to our way of life around the world and are an engine for freedom.21世纪,我们的数字网络是必不可少的我们在世界各地的生活方式,是一个引擎的自由。We will lead by example in order to demonstrate that increased security, enhanced user privacy and keeping the Internet open and innovative go hand-in-hand.我们将通过实例,以证明更高的安全性,增强的用户隐私和保持互联网的开放和创新的去手牵手领先。


Near Term Actions短期操作

The President's Cyberspace Policy Review identifies 10 near term actions to support our cybersecurity strategy:总统的网络空间政策审查确定10近期行动来支持我们的网络安全策略:

1.          Appoint a cybersecurity policy official responsible for coordinating the Nation's cybersecurity policies and activities.指定专人负责协调国家的网络安全策略和活动的网络安全政策官员。

2.          Prepare for the President's approval an updated national strategy to secure the information and communications infrastructure.准备总统批准一项最新的国家战略,以确保信息和通信基础设施。

3.          Designate cybersecurity as one of the President's key management priorities and establish performance metrics指定网络安全作为总统的主要管理工作重点之一,并建立性能指标

4.          Designate a privacy and civil liberties official to the NSC cybersecurity directorate.指定一个隐私和公民自由的官方给NSC网络安全首长。

5.          Conduct interagency-cleared legal analyses of priority cybersecurity-related issues.进行的优先级网络安全相关问题的机构间清零法律分析。

6.          Initiate a national awareness and education campaign to promote cybersecurity.启动全国宣传和教育活动,以促进网络安全。

7.          Develop an international cybersecurity policy framework and strengthen our international partnerships.培养国际网络安全政策框架并加强我们的国际伙伴关系。

8.          Prepare a cybersecurity incident response plan and initiate a dialog to enhance public-private partnerships.准备一个网络安全事件应急预案,并启动一个对话,加强公共和私营部门的伙伴关系。

9.          Develop a framework for research and development strategies that focus on game-changing technologies that have the potential to enhance the security, reliability, resilience, and trustworthiness of digital infrastructure.制定研发战略,重点在具有提升安全性,可靠性,弹性和数字基础设施守信的潜力改变游戏规则的技术框架。

10.            Build a cybersecurity-based identity management vision and strategy, leveraging privacy-enhancing technologies for the Nation.建立一个网络安全为基础的身份管理的愿景和战略,利用隐私增强技术,为国家。


Key Documents重要文件

Some of the key documents that guide our efforts include the following:一些指导我们工作的主要文件包括以下内容:

· Draft National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace 在网络空间可信身份国家战略草案

· The Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative 在国家网络安全综合计划

· The Cyberspace Policy Review (pdf) 网络空间政策检讨(PDF

· The Cyberspace Policy Review supporting documents 在网络空间政策回顾的证明文件

· The National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (pdf) 对于网络安全教育的国家计划(PDF

· Cybersecurtiy R&D Cybersecurtiy研发


Latest News最新消息

From the Blog来自博客

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· May 22, 2014 2014522

Assessing Cybersecurity Regulations 评估网络安全法规

· April 28, 2014 2014428

Heartbleed: Understanding When We Disclose Cyber Vulnerabilities Heartbleed:了解何时会披露网络漏洞

· April 11, 2014 2014411

Reaction on “Heartbleed”: Working Together to Mitigate Cybersecurity Vulnerabilities 反应的“Heartbleed”:携手减轻网络安全漏洞

From the Pressroom

See All 查看全部

· March 26, 2014 2014326

FACT SHEET: US-EU Cyber Cooperation 简介:美国和欧盟的合作网络

· February 12, 2014 2014212

Launch of the Cybersecurity Framework 在网络安全框架的启动

· February 12, 2014 2014212

Statement by the President on the Cybersecurity Framework 总统的网络安全架构声明

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